The yperichotomografima rectum is a relatively new diagnostic method , which provides the ability to display the anatomical layers of pycnometer rectum. The transducer is inserted blindly into the ampulla or is mounted on a flexible endoscope . The transducer is located within a balloon filled with water so as to achieve optical contact with the walls of the intestine and rotated 360 degrees. In this way, supplied cross-sections of the anatomical sleeve intestine ( submucosal layer and muscular layer mainly muscle ) . The major indication for performing yperichotomografimatos rectum is the staging of neoplasms of the region ( rectal cancer ) .
The method has very good diagnostic ability regarding the display of tumor invasion , and the imaging capability of infiltrated lymph nodes is relatively reduced . If upon examination demonstrated limited filtration , then you may try minor resection of the tumor by endoscopic microsurgery diaproktiki . Less commonly , the method is used to investigate periorthikon abscesses or abscesses periedrikon extending centrally in the level of rectum.